Fungal Toe Nail Infection

Posted on 20th May 2014 | Common Foot Problems

What is a fungal toe nail infection?

Fungal toe nails are caused by a:

  • Fungal infection or yeast infections
  • Fungal skin infection (Athletes Foot
  • Damage to the skin or nail.
  • The fungus thrives in dark, warm, moist  conditions.
  • Socks, stockings and shoes are the ideal conditions for the fungus to thrive.
  • It can also spread easily in communal changing areas

Certain health conditions or health issues can increase the chancesof developing a nail infection such as :

  • Diabetes or Psoriasis
  • A weakened immune system
  • Poor general health
  • Warm humid climate
  • Athletes foot
  • Other foot conditions

      Signs and Symptoms

  • Unsightly toe nails – yellowish brown or green in colour
  • A soft layer of debris, may have an unpleasant smell
  • The nails may split very badly or be crumbly
  • The nails will probably grow thicker than usual


  • Good foot hygiene , wash feet daily with warm soapy water and dry thoroughly
  • Change socks or tights regularly
  • Don’t use the same pair of shoes all the time , spray your shoes with a fungicide spray
  • Use a quality fungicide treatment to the nail, surrounding skin may need treated
  • If the fungus has penetrated the nail bed then a long term treatment programme may be required
  • The nail will be drilled and filed back to remove as much of the infected nail as possible
  • Treatment will be applied
  • This will be done on a regular basis, it is important that the infection is eliminated from the nail bed.
  • The nail can take up to 12 months to grow out.
  • The treatment should be continued even though the obvious signs have gone.
  • In really severe cases anti fungal medication may need to be prescribed.
  • These may have side effects and have to be taken for several months
  • Surgical nail removal can also be done for chronic infected nails